social identity theory

  • 详情 Nonlocal CEOS and Corporate Financial Fraud: Evidence from Chinese Listed Firms
    This study examines whether firms’ financial fraudulent behavior varies when local firms are led by nonlocal CEOs. Building on the social identity theory, we argue that nonlocal CEOs, due to their different location-based social identities, are perceived as outgroup leaders and face intergroup bias from stakeholders within local firms. Therefore, nonlocal CEOs are more likely to conform to laws and regulations and reduce corporate financial fraud to enhance their legitimacy in leading local firms. Using panel data on Chinese listed firms from 2007 to 2020, we find a significantly negative correlation between nonlocal CEOs and the likelihood of corporate financial fraud. Furthermore, our moderating analysis indicate that the negative effect of nonlocal CEOs on corporate financial fraud is stronger (a) for CEOs who have neverwon awards, (b) in firms with poor financial performance and (c) in regions with tight cultures. Additional mechanism tests indicate that nonlocal CEOs’ outgroup identity is more prominent in regions with low regional dialect diversity and local private-owned enterprises. Overall, these findings suggest that choosing a nonlocal CEO warrants attention from the firm’s top management teams and stakeholders.